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Beauty Tips

How to Eliminate Dandruff for Good

If your itchy scalp is leaving snow on your shoulders, you’ll be happy to know that most dandruff problems are simple to tackle.
If your itchy scalp leaves snow on your shoulders, you’ll be happy to know that most dandruff problems are simple to tackle. Read on to find out the causes and treatment options that will help you get dandruff under control.

Dandruff’s Different Causes
Dry scalp skin is the most frequent culprit. Dandruff that gets worse during winter and creates small, non-oily flakes usually indicates a dry skin problem.

Seborrheic dermatitis, or oily, irritated skin is another likely cause. Sufferers usually have red, greasy skin covered by flaky scales and may experience the problem in their eyebrows, armpits, groin, ears, nose, and breastbone along with their scalp.

Psoriasis, a skin disorder characterized by excess skin cells that develop into silvery scales, can also cause dandruff on knees, elbows, and scalp.

Eczema, a skin irritation that people with allergies are particularly susceptible to, can lead to dandruff if it spreads to your scalp.

Contact dermatitis, or the sensitivity to products or dyes, can lead to dandruff. Frequent shampooing or dyeing can irritate the scalp and cause dandruff.

Malassezia is a yeasty fungus that lives on most of our heads. When it grows too much, it can cause an excess of skin cells which clump together in and flake off hair or clothes.

Treating Dandruff
Since dandruff treatment rarely requires doctor involvement, you may need to try a few different treatment shampoos to find the one that target your problem. These are some of the most common options available – some are also available in prescription strength from your doctor.

Salicylic Acid (e.g. Ionil T) A scrub that can help eliminate scaliest.

Selenium Sulfide (e.g. Selsun Blue) Slows skin cell death and fights fungus. Can discolor light or chemically colored hair.

Tar-Based (Neutrogena T/Gel) Uses coal tar to help slow down skin cell death and flaking

Zinc Pyrithione (e.g. Head & Shoulders) Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agents that can treat a variety of dandruff causes

Ketoconazole (e.g. Nizoral) Anti-fungal shampoo that should be tried after other options fail.

Treatment Frequency
The Mayo Clinic recommends beginning your regimen with daily shampoos, then cutting back as your condition improves. Be sure to leave the shampoo on your hair for 5 minutes in order to let it sink into your scalp. You may need to switch back and forth between two different kinds of shampoo in order to keep the treatment working.

Lifestyle Changes That Help Prevent Dandruff
Shampoo more often. While most experts recommend shampooing no more than every other day, if your scalp is oily and causing dandruff, shampooing daily with regular shampoo may solve your problem, without switching to a specialized product.

Skip or switch styling products. Overusing mousses, gels, and other styling products or the ingredients in a particular brand may irritate or build up on your scalp and cause reactions.

Reduce your stress-level. Stress is known to trigger or worsen many conditions, including dandruff.
Eat healthy. Diets rich in zinc and B vitamins can help prevent dandruff.

Shine some sun. Sunlight has been shown to reduce dandruff. But given the risks of sun to your skin, be careful to protect your face and body with sunscreen and don’t spend hours sunbathing.
Try tea tree oil. Alternative therapies recommend this oil because of its antibiotic, antifungal, and antiseptic properties.

Should You See a Doctor?
Usually you don’t need a doctor’s help to treat dandruff. But if you can’t solve the problem with over-the-counter shampoos, you should check with a doctor or dermatologist. They can ensure that your dandruff is not caused by a more serious condition and can prescribe more aggressive treatment, such as a steroid lotion.

9 Tips for a Closer Shave

Follow these tips to keep your shave close, clean, and free from irritation.
Whether you’re removing hair from your legs or bikini line, there are several ways to ensure your results are as smooth as possible. Here, tips to keep your shave clean and free from irritation:

  • Never shave dry skin. If you’re not going to shave in the shower or tub, be sure to moisten your skin with hot water for at least 2-3 minutes before you pick up the razor.
  • Exfoliate skin before shaving. Dry skin brushing or a light scrub will remove dead skin cells that interfere with shaving and dull your blade.
  • Change your blade often. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends that you use a fresh blade every 5-7 shaves. You should change it even more frequently if it seems a little dull, since dull blades can cause razor bumps and ingrown hairs.
  • Use foam or gel. Shaving creams, gels, and foams help your shave in three ways. First, they soften and moisturize your skin. Second, they encourage muscles to push the hair up away from the area to be shaved. And they also help you see where you’ve already shaved (too many razor strokes on the same area can encourage ingrown hairs.) After applying the product, massage it into your skin and give it three minutes to absorb before starting to shave.
  • Follow the hair. Shaving in the direction of the hair is gentler on your skin and will reduce the chance of razor burn. If stubble still exists, take another pass against the hair growth direction but avoid going over the same area repeated times.
  • Don’t press too hard. Many people think that applying extra pressure will give you a closer shave, but this just interferes with your razor’s ability to do its job, plus increases your risk for nicks and cuts.
  • Take it slow around the corners. Knees and ankles are the hardest to shave since the surface is uneven. Pay close attention, and you’ll get a shave that’s close without nicks.
  • Rinse and don’t rub. After shaving, rinse the area with cool water and pat it dry. You’ve already sloughed off a lot of skin, so rubbing it with a towel will likely irritate the skin.
  • Moisturize, moisturize, moisturize. Shaving can dry out the skin, so be sure to apply moisturizer, especially to the legs.

Skin Care Guide
Mayo Clinic
Gillette manufacturer websites

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